• Arizona
  • Thursday , Feb 1 , 2018

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San Tan Valley Area Information

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Interim Constable to be Named for AJ District Justice Courts


An election is required to permanently fill the remainder of the Apache Junction Constable term.  Because this is one of Pinal County’s busiest Justice of the Peace Courts, the Pinal County Board of Supervisors will name an interim Constable.  McClaren was elected to the office as a registered Republican so the interim named by the Board would have to be a Republican as well.  He or she would serve until after the general election in November at which time the voters will choose a Constable to fulfill the remainder of McClaren’s term.

If there is no successful write-in candidate at the November election, the appointed constable will fill the remainder the term.  (See “To become the elected Constable” below.)

To be eligible for appointment as Constable, Arizona law specifies that the following criteria be met by each potential candidate:


  • Must be a legal Arizona resident living within the Apache Junction Justice Court District 7 (see map at http://goo.gl/wx4ar),
  • Must be registered to vote,
  • Must be able to read and write the English language and,
  • Must be at least 18 years of age.


Parties interested in serving as interim Constable until November and who meet the criteria above should submit:


  • Applications, letters of interest and/or résumés by NOON on Friday, June 22.  There is no formal application to submit and any combination of a letter of interest, résumé or other documents outlining the applicant’s qualifications for office should be mailed, or submitted in person, by noon on June 22 to:
    Sheri Cluff
    Clerk of the Board
    Pinal County Board of Supervisors
    31 North Pinal Street, Building A 
    PO Box 827
    Florence, AZ  85132
  • Candidates should indicate their address, party affiliation and contact information in the application.
  • The Board of Supervisors will review the applications and name an interim Constable at a public session of the Board of Supervisors on or before July 11.


To become the elected Constable

The law that covers vacancies in county offices makes a distinction between whether the vacancy occurs within the first two years of an official’s term or afterwards.  In the case of a mid-term vacancy that occurs prior to the completion of the first two years of service, Arizona Revised Statute 16-230.A.2 is invoked.  This states:

If a county office becomes vacant, the board of supervisors shall appoint a person of the same political party as the person vacating the office to fill the portion of the term until the next regular general election. If the vacancy occurs within the first two years of the term, and before the date on which a nomination paper is required to be filed as prescribed by section 16-311, a primary election shall be held as otherwise provided by law to determine candidates to fill the unexpired term. At the next regular general election, the person elected shall fill the remainder of the unexpired term of the vacant office.

May 30 marked the deadline for the filing of nomination papers for election to the position of Constable.  This was the same date that McClaren’s resignation was tendered.  Any candidate interested in becoming Constable for the Apache Junction Justice Court must run as a write-in candidate for the statewide Primary Election on August 28, 2012.  Candidates may be from any political party since the vacancy occurred before the first two years of service were completed.

To become a registered write-in candidate, you must file nomination papers at the Pinal County Elections Department by July 19, 2012.

Successful write-in candidates will face each other in the November 6 General Election for selection to fill the remaining two years of the Apache Junction Constable’s term.


About Constables

The term “Constable” comes from the Latin comes stabuli or “count of the stables.”  During the Byzantine era, the person holding this position was responsible for care and supervision of the royal court’s horses.  Over time, the position became one of great military importance, gradually evolving into a position usually dealing with the enforcement of law and order.

In the United States, the office of Constable varies by state and region.  Constables are elected officers of the County and must be 18 and live in the precinct or district in which they are elected.  Pinal County Constables serve four year terms.  The primary responsibility of a Constable is the service of process for the Justice of the Peace courts.  They serve summons, injunctions, writs and orders.

Constables are classified as peace officers but do not regularly perform police functions such as patrols, arrests or investigations unless specifically certified to do so.

Title 22 of the Arizona Revised Statutes provides more detail on the duties of Constables and how they work with the Justices of the Peace and Justice Courts.  See http://www.azleg.state.az.us/ArizonaRevisedStatutes.asp?Title=22 for more information.


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